QnAs with Max D. Cooper and Jacques F. A. P. Miller
PNAS January 7, 2020 117 (1) 12-14; first published December 2, 2019; https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1920087116
Anyone who has ever contracted chicken pox can thank the adaptive immune system for future protection against the disease. It is also thanks to this system that vaccines prevent diseases. The adaptive immune system provides organisms with a memory of past infections, enabling the body to quickly kill returning infections before they can do significant damage. Immunologists Jacques F. A. P. Miller and Max D. Cooper determined that adaptive immunity requires 2 distinct cell types that perform complementary functions.