In The News - Volume 2 - Issue 5 - January 31, 2016

Early Deaths Among Dialysis And Kidney Transplant Patients Plummet
There is good news in the annual data report from the United States Renal Data System, coordinating center based at the University of Michigan Kidney Epidemiology and Cost Center, in partnership with Arbor Research Collaborative for Health. 
In the most recent year they have compiled, 2013, the numbers show early deaths among dialysis and kidney transplant dropping by 28 percent and 40 percent, respectively, since 1996.
Jan 18/16

Looking at the Microbiota to Improve Intestinal Transplantation Results
Intestinal transplantation (ITx) —the last resort for patients who have intestinal failure who cannot tolerate or have irreversible complications from total parenteral nutrition—has evolved in the past decade. Better organ preservation, surgical technique, immunosuppression, and postoperative management have advanced the procedure and made it a viable choice for more patients.
The usual process involves surgically removing the small intestine and other diseased organs (eg. the liver), and replacing them with donor organs. After a blood supply is established, the surgeon performs an ileostomy.
The journal Current Opinions in Transplantation has published a review ahead-of-print that discusses the significance of interactions between intestinal microbiota and host immune responses.  It also examines how gut microbiome may be involved in allograft rejection.
Jan 18/16

Heart failure patients given lifeline with new cutting-edge cardiac pump
Experts at Wythenshawe Hospital are pioneering use of the Heartmate 3 device, used to treat severe heart failure in patients. A cutting-edge device designed to keep a heart beating has been made available for the first time in the UK at Wythenshawe Hospital.
Jan 23/16

Update: Government Suspends Kidney Surgeries For Foreigners In Country's Hospitals
Ministry of Health has directed all hospitals in the country to temporarily suspend kidney surgeries performed on foreign nationals, Director General of Health Services Dr. Palitha Gunarathna Mahipala told Hiru news.
Government's directive comes after the allegations made by the Indian police that illegal kidney transplants have been performed in four private hospitals in the country.
Indian Police in Telangana state have filed cases against six Sri Lankan doctors (yesterday 20th) working with four different hospitals in Colombo on the charge of conducting paid kidney transplantation in violation of ethics.
Jan 21/16

Kidney transplantation now in Iloilo City
A LOCAL tertiary hospital in Iloilo City has been contracted by the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) for kidney transplantation to provide access to state-of-the-art medical facilities to residents in Western Visayas suffering from renal failure.
Lourdes Diocson, regional vice president for PhilHealth in Western Visayas, said the launching of the project, which has a package rate of P600,000, was held Friday, January 22, at the St. Pauls Hospital as the first Z Benefit Provider for kidney transplant in the region.
The Z Benefit Package is offered to PhilHealth members to address health conditions that trigger prolonged hospitalization and expensive treatments.
Jan 22/16

Mo’ organs mo’ problems
Patients who have undergone organ transplants are more likely to die of cancer, says new U of T study
Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are three times more likely to die of cancer than their peers in the general population, regardless of age, sex, or transplanted organ says the recent report.
This retrospective study identified 11,061 organ recipient patients with kidney, liver, heart, and lung transplants in Ontario between 1991 and 2010.
According to the study, one-fifth of the mortalities in this population were cancer-related. The results were consistent regardless of transplanted organ, and regardless of age or sex of the patient.“[Patients] are dying sooner after transplantation,” said Dr. Sergio A. Acuna, lead author of the study and PhD student in clinical epidemiology at the University of Toronto. “Cancer is cutting… their life expectancies [short].”
Jan 17/16