In The News - Volume 2 - Issue 10 - March 6, 2016

Herbal supplements linked to at least six Australian organ transplants since 2011, data shows
At least six Australians needed organ transplants in the past five years after taking herbal supplements.
Data obtained from national organ donation registries shows, since 2011, three liver transplants and three kidney transplants have been given to people who got sick after taking some kind of herbal supplement.
It comes after West Australian man Matthew Whitby spoke to the ABC after losing his liver — most likely as a result of taking a protein powder with green tea extract and a supplement containing garcinia cambogia.
Feb 29/16

Three Kosovo Organ Traffickers’ Jail Sentences Upheld
The appeals court on Thursday upheld the convictions of Medicus clinic owner Lutfi Dervishi, his son Arban Dervishi and head anaesthetist Sokol Hajdini, ruling that they were guilty of organised crime in connection with people trafficking.
Lutfi Dervishi and his son were jailed for eight years and Hajdini for five.
“The offences were committed at the Medicus Clinic where throughout 2008 multiple illegal kidney transplants took place,” a court statement said.
“The Court of Appeals found that even though the police search at the Medicus Clinic was illegal, there remains enough evidence that seven illegal kidney transplants took place,” it added.
However the court ruled that there was insufficient evidence that the clinic’s assistant anaesthetists Islam Bytyqi and Sylejman Dula were involved in organ trafficking.
Mar 3/16

Freestanding organ recovery facility for brain-dead donors increases organ transplant
Transplant surgeons report that obtaining organs from deceased organ donors costs much less and leads to a higher number of transplantable organs recovered when brain-dead donors are moved from the hospital to an independent, freestanding facility dedicated to organ recovery. Their study is published online as an "article in press" on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website in advance of print publication later this year.
"These findings suggest the potential to save more lives through organ donation," said the study's lead author, Majella Doyle, MD, FACS, a transplant surgeon and associate professor of surgery at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis.
Mar 2/16

Transplantation of Heart Cells replaces the Heart Transplantation
Frontier Lifeline Hospital embarked yet another achievement by performing successful transplantation of heart cells by replacing the Heart transplantation method.
Mr. Bera Ram Chaudhary, 53 yr old from Jodhpur who has been seen in three large well known hospitals in North India and another center in the city was advised for heart transplantation.
He was seen in the Frontier lifeline hospital by Dr. K. M Cherian and his team lead by Dr. R. Anantharaman who is in charge of heart failure and Cardiomyopathy clinic. After several tests, it was strongly felt that heart transplantation will be an absolute contraindication, considering his drug addiction as per the International Medical guidelines. The discussion on the suitability of a transplant was discussed during the multi- disciplinary meeting and a conservative approach was made to give his failing heart muscle, a chance of recovery and repair the heart muscle, using stem cell implantation with bypass grafting.
Feb 29/16
ISIS Trafficking Body Organs of Living People
The ISIL terrorist group is using organ harvesting as a way to finance its operations and save the lives of injured members, media reports said on Tuesday.
The Spanish daily El Mundo reported that facing the increased number of wounded members in the Syrian army and popular forces’ attacks, the ISIL is selling ng the body organs of its captives for transplants.
According to the report, the ISIL also forces the prisoners in Mosul jails to donate blood and postpones the execution of those sentenced to death to use their blood as much as possible.
The ISIL doesn’t merely use the organs of its captives and prisoners’ bodies for transplant operations for its members but it sells them to other countries as a lucrative business, it added.
Mar 1/16

First paired kidney exchange transplant done in Singapore
SINGAPORE - When doctors said that her daughter needed a new kidney, Madam Noor Rafidah Nasir immediately volunteered one of her own.
But then came the bad news - she and her daughter, Ms Siti Rasyidah Lokman Hadan, were not a match.
Ms Siti was put on dialysis while waiting for a donor, but time was running out. It was then that doctors put forth a novel proposal, known as a paired kidney exchange transplant.
Under this arrangement, a good Samaritan would donate his or her kidney to Ms Siti. In exchange, Madam Rafidah would give one of her own kidneys to someone on the national waiting list.
While this procedure has been approved since 2009, it has never been carried out due to the lack of a donor who is both willing and medically fit.
Feb 29/16

Soon, uniform norms across state for cadaver donations
To make the process of cadaver donations simpler, the state health department, along with other stakeholders, held a meeting on Thursday under the title of Maharashtra Confederation for Organ Transplantation (MCFOT). The committee decided to have uniform norms — such as postmortems in medico-legal cases after the removal of organs — across the state.
Meanwhile, it was also discussed at this meeting that district Zonal Transplantation Co-ordination Committees (ZTCCs), apart from the Mumbai ZTCC, should be encouraged to make cadaver donations simpler.
At the MCFOT annual meeting related to cadaver donations, all the ZTCC, health department and medical education department officials present discussed the trend of cadaver donations and the kinds of problems experts face while encouraging cadaver donations.
Mar 5/16

Organ donation rate in Northern B.C. flatlined
While B.C.'s deceased organ donation rates have seen a steady rise in the last seven years, donors from the north have sat at either one or zero donations annually since 2009.
Last week BC Transplant released numbers it said show a "dramatic, six-year surge" bringing the 2015 total to 95 donors, tripling the 2009 rate.
For the last two years, Northern Health has had one organ donor, following three years of none.
The north has a disadvantage over other regions, said Ed Ferre, BC Transplant's provincial operations director.
"The other health authorities all have major centres with neuroservices, or several hospitals with neuroservices," he said.
"One of the problems is that the type of injuries that lead to organ donation usually involve a significant head injury, so this requires the patient to be ventilated and for a facility to have appropriate medical staff and diagnostic facilities to diagnose either neurological death or to determine that nothing more can be done for the individual and the move should be to comfort care," he said, so they might be transferred to another health authority that has neurosurgery.
Mar 1/16

Scots surgeons urged to cut ties with Chinese professor linked to organ trade accused of 'harrowing atrocities' to patients before burning bodies
EDINBURGH'S Royal College of Surgeons are urged to ­withdraw Huang Jiefu’s title after an investigation showed people were allegedly having organs removed without anaesthetic before being burned alive.
A SCOTS medical college have been urged to end ties to a professor linked to organ harvesting.
Huang Jiefu, an honorary fellow at Edinburgh’s Royal College of Surgeons, is in charge of China’s transplant system.
An investigation last year found prisoners are still used to provide organs despite Jiefu ­promising an end to the practice.
Former health workers in the country claimed prisoners had livers, kidneys and corneas removed without an anaesthetic.
Feb 29/16

City doctors forced to start awareness campaign after finding rising number of live and cadaver donors diagnosed with lifestyle disorders and metabolic syndromes
While they say it is the thought that counts, it appears that this motto will just not do anymore when it comes to organ donation. Over the last several months, city-based transplant surgeons have observed that over 50 per cent of live donors coming forward to pass on their healthy organs after death are diagnosed with lifestyle disorders, especially metabolic syndromes, which make them 'unfit' for donation. The alarming trend has come to the fore because organ donation has picked up in the country over the last two years, doctors said — and, the problem is so bad that they have been forced to initiate an awareness campaign to lecture potential donors on following a healthier lifestyle.
Mar 4/16

NHS 'plan to harvest organs of babies' which develop fatal defects in early stages of pregnancy
A serious shortage of donated organs means mothers will reportedly be “supported” to have the baby at nine months instead of aborting it so the child’s vital organs can be taken for transplant
Women whose babies develop fatal defects in the early stages of pregnancy will be given advice on going ahead with the birth so they NHS can harvest the baby’s organs, it was reported last night.
A serious shortage of donated organs means mothers will be “supported” to have the baby at nine months instead of aborting it so the child’s vital organs can be taken for transplant.
Last night the proposal prompted an ethical debate with critics describing the proposal as “ghoulish” which also risked undermining public confidence in organ donation.
The move was revealed at the annual meeting of the British Transplantation Society in Glasgow.
Mar 6/15

Current and Projected Liver Transplantation Market size in terms of volume and value 2016-2026
Liver Transplantation Market: Overview
Liver Transplantation market is growing with a significant CAGR due to its high adoption rate as it is an effective modality for the management of end-stage liver disease. Developing countries are growing with a slower CAGR compared to other parts of the world. By end use, hospitals and adult liver transplantation centers segments are expected to account for around 50% share in the global liver transplantation market and the trend is forecast to continue through 2026. Based on treatment type, liver transplantation surgery is expected to register above average CAGR over the forecast period owing surgical techniques and innovations in living related liver transplantations.
Mar 3/16

2nd Qatar Nephrology Conference highlights latest developments in the Field
About 250 healthcare professionals including leaders in the field of nephrology gathered at the Second Qatar Nephrology Conference hosted by Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) recently with Qatar National Bank (QNB) as the main sponsor.
The conference’s scientific program featured experts from all over the world who discussed the latest research and other developments in different aspects of renal and transplantation medicine.
“The incidence and prevalence of renal diseases are on the rise all over the world, and fighting these diseases is a major health challenge for the future. Chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension still represent the major causes of end-stage renal disease – a kidney failure so advanced that it cannot be reversed or treated with conventional medical treatments. Patients with this condition are currently dependent upon dialysis and kidney transplantation to survive,” said Dr. Hassan Al Malki, Head of HMC’s Nephrology Department and Chairman of the conference.
Currently, there are about 80 patients on the waiting list, and 300 patients are under work-up, for kidney transplantation in Qatar.
Mar 6/15

New Technique Helps Scientists Develop Early Stage Human Embryonic Stem Cells
A new method enabled scientists to produce naive pluripotent stem cells from human embryos for the first time. The new study can pave the way for the development of new regenerative drugs and advance the research on genetic disorders including Down syndrome.
Currently, procuring stem cells is a tedious process. Moreover, the harvested cells still carry instructions on how to develop into a specific type of cell. The new method offers better and easier way to obtain stem cells.
Mar 5/16 

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