2010 - Transplantomics and Biomarkers in Transplantation
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PREDICTING GRAFT RISK BY TRANSPLANTOMICS
3.1 - THE IMPACT OF GENOME-WIDE VARIATION IN RENAL TRANSPLANT DONORS AND RECIPIENTS ON GRAFT SURVIVAL
Presenter: Graham, Lord, London, UK Authors: Graham Lord
THE IMPACT OF GENOME-WIDE VARIATION IN RENAL TRANSPLANT DONORS AND RECIPIENTS ON GRAFT SURVIVAL Graham Lord, Professor of Medicine, Nephrology, Transplantation and Internal Medicine; Director of Translational Research Development and Deputy Director of NIHR Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre; Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospital and King’s College London, London, UK
1. Understand the theory of genome-wide association scans.
2. Understand ways of analyzing the interaction of two genomes in a single patient.
3. Learn what is known about the genetics of allograft dysfunction.
Genetic interactions between donor and recipient genomes in the context of renal transplantation determine early and late renal allograft dysfunction and subsequent transplant failure. Renal transplant failure is largely genetically determined and the majority of the donor and recipient genes that cause allografts to fail are unknown. Genome wide association scans in this patient population will help us to define the genetic variation in donor and recipient genomes that determine long term renal allograft outcome and the variation in donor and recipient genomes that determine short term renal allograft dysfunction. Furthermore, we are able to discover variation in the recipient genome that correlates with end-stage renal failure.
Resolving these scientific questions will rapidly enable early translational studies of organ allocation and graft monitoring with a realistic prospect of improving patient outcomes within a relatively short timeframe.
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